October Garden Checklist

It’s October, and I don’t care where you live, it’s fall. In my area of the country we might still be experiencing 80+ degrees, but hey, the mornings are cooler, right? And those cooler mornings make gardening even more enjoyable — which is perfect timing, as October is a huge garden month. So grab your Pumpkin Spice latte and go get some gardening done!

lady composting


Now’s the time to take a final inventory of this year’s garden. Did you plant too much of something? Was a new variety a winner for you? What bombed? Why did it bomb? What veggie did your family absolutely love? Make notes in your garden journal and refer to them next year.

Prepare & Maintain

Collect leaves for composting and mulching — ask your neighbors for theirs! Take a garden inventory and notice where your soil is bare; you’ll want to cover that up with mulch to avoid winter weeds from germinating. If you sowed seeds of carrots, beets, greens, or lettuce last month, go ahead and thin them out now. Gardeners in cooler climates can mulch strawberries and asparagus.

Planting Garlic

Sow & Plant Indoors

Zones 7-10 can sow cool weather veggie seeds for transplanting

Zone 11 if you missed it last month don’t worry! You can still start seeds for strawberry plants that can be transplanted next month.

Sow & Plant Outdoors

Zones 4-6 can plant garlic and shallots, as well as spinach and parsnips in a cold frame.

Zones 7-10 can plant garlic, leeks, onions, and shallots. They can also sow seeds of beets, carrots, mustard, turnips, spinach, lettuce, Chinese cabbage, radishes, and bok choy. Set out strawberry plants. Plant trees and shrubs.

Zones 9-10 can make a final planting of tomatoes, peppers, and eggplant.

Zone 11 can begin sowing seeds for beans, bell peppers, sweet peppers, and eggplant. They can also transplant any strawberry seedlings that were started last month.

harvesting cabbage


Zones 4-7 can harvest and enjoy spinach, lettuce, parsnips, kale, Brussels sprouts, cabbage, and carrots. These gardeners can also begin digging sweet potatoes (time it as the leaves start to fall) and harvest winter squash.

Zones 7-10 can continue to harvest squash, late-season tomatoes, peppers, radishes, broccoli, beans, bok choy, eggplant, kale, and lettuce.

Kellogg Garden Organics October Monthly Garden Checklist.

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October Garden Checklist Pin
Gloves and plants sitting in the grass with text, "Fall gardening tips, October garden checklist"


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    • Hi Leila, we recommend adding a thin layer of small pebbles or gravel over your soil. The bugs lay their eggs in the top layer of the soil and hatch from there, adding rock will prevent this. It’s also important to clean the catch tray under your pot as stagnant water and debris will attract gnats and flies. If you do have some flying around your plants you can hang a sticky trap nearby to catch them. We hope this helps, happy gardening!

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